Zbigniew Michalewicz

Zbigniew Michalewicz, PhD, is an entrepreneur, author and professor who is recognised internationally as an mathematical optimisation and new technologies expert. He is the author of over two-hundred-fifty articles and twenty-five books which have been cited by over 10,000 authors. He is the co-founder of NuTech Solutions, SolveIT Software and Complexica where he currently serves as the Chief Scientific Officer.

Michalewicz attended Warsaw University of Technology where he earned a Master of Science degree in Applied Mathematics in 1974. In 1975, Michalewicz joined the faculty of the Institute of Computer Science at the Polish Academy of Sciences as a researcher. While there, he obtained a PhD in Computer Science in 1981; and a Doctor of Science (Habilitation) degree in Computer Science in 1997.

In 1982, Michalewicz left Poland and moved to New Zealand with his wife Ewa and son Matthew Michalewicz. He took a position with Victoria University in Wellington and left behind all of his possessions in Poland with the exception of a few personal items. In an interview, he stated that he left Poland for many reasons including the difficult economy at that time and the lack of access to scientific publications to conduct research. He emigrated to Charlotte, North Carolina in July 1989, just prior to Hurricane Hugo. He began working for UNC Charlotte where he received an offer of employment one year prior while he was still at the Victoria University. He taught at UNC Charlotte in the Department of Computer Science through 2004.

In 2004, Michalewicz accepted a position with the University of Adelaide as well as the Polish-Japanese School of Information Technology. Michalewicz is currently a professor at the University of Adelaide, the Polish-Japanese School of Information Technology, and the Institute of Computer Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

Michalewicz has consulted for many Fortune 500 companies where he has led data mining and optimisation projects. He has also consulted for governmental agencies in the United States, Australia, and Poland. He served as the Chairman of the Technical Committee on Evolutionary Computation and also as the Executive Vice-President of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Neural Network Council. He was the general chair of the First IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation held in Orlando in June 1994.

Michalewicz co-founded NuTech Solutions, Inc. in 1999 with his son Matthew Michalewicz. NuTech offered technology solutions to predict business changes and helped companies prepare for these changes. In September 2003, Matthew Michalewicz left the company after resigning from the board of directors. Towards the end of 2004, he moved from Charlotte to Adelaide, Australia.

During his time at NuTech, he helped secure over $11 million in private equity investments, secure over 100 Global 1000 companies, and help the company grow to over 130 employees. Michalewicz also helped NuTech attract Bill Gaither, former CEO of Heafner Tire Group in Lincolnton, Hugh McColl, former CEO of Bank of America, and Lech Walesa, Nobel laureate and former president of Poland, to its board of directors.

In 2005, Michalewicz sold his shares of NuTech back to the company to make way for new investments into the company. NuTech was acquired by Netezza Corporation in 2008 and in 2010, IBM Corporation acquired Netezza and became the licensor of the technology licensed by NuTech.

Michalewicz is the co-founder of SolveIT Software which was founded in 2005, a few months after his arrival in Australia. The other co-founders are Matthew Michalewicz, Martin Schmidt

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, and Constantin Chiriac. All were the co-authors of the book Adaptive Business Intelligence.

The company develops advanced planning and scheduling business optimisation software, which helps manage complex operations using artificial intelligence. Most of the products were initially developed around the key South Australian industries of wine and grain handling, and today SolveIt has a specialist mining division due to early adoption of the companies solutions within the mining market. The software helps companies accurately predict and plan their production, supply chain, shipping and currency hedging.

Complexica was co-founded by Zbigniew Michalewicz and his son Matthew Michalewicz. Complexica is a leading artificial intelligence software provider which can help organisations increase revenue, margin and productivity using Automated Analytics.

Michalewicz has published over two-hundred-fifty articles and has been the author or editor for twenty-five books. In addition to his published works, he has given numerous lectures throughout the world. Michalewicz has been the keynote speaker for numerous major events throughout the world. More recently he was the keynote speaker for the Integrated Planning and Optimization Summit 2012 in Adelaide, the BbSummit Australasia in 2011, and the IEEE CEC’12 in Brisbane, Australia on 10–15 June 2012.

Michalewicz has been published in numerous journals including the IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation – TEC. His works have also been cited by over 10,000 different authors.

Michalewicz was awarded the title of Professor in 2002 by then Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski. He was appointed as a Business Ambassador for South Australia in 2006 by then Premier Mike Rann. He was also named as a finalist for South Australia’s Science Excellence Awards for the commercialisation success of Adapative Business Intelligence in 2008 as well as a 2010 DSI Instructional Innovation Award Competition Finalist.

He was the recipient of the prestigious Pearcey Award which recognises young entrepreneurs in the ICT space that have made significant contributions and taken entrepreneurial risks. He was given the award in 2011 for his founding of SolveIT Software.

Michalewicz is married to , an artist who also did the cover work for Michalewicz’s book How To Solve It and numerous other of his books. Michalewicz has a son, Matthew Michalewicz who is the co-author of some of Zbigniew Michalewicz’s books, including , Puzzle-Based Learning and Adaptive Business Intelligence . Matthew also co-founded SolveIT Software with his father Zbigniew.

Michalewicz enjoys adventurous activities including scuba diving and skydiving. He also enjoys travelling and has visited numerous countries worldwide mutton tenderizer.

Peter S. Eagleson

Peter S. Eagleson is an American hydrologist, author of Dynamic Hydrology and Ecohydrology: Darwinian Expression of Vegetation Form and Function. He has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1952 and is currently a Professor Emeritus. He has held professional positions including member of the National Academy of Engineering (since 1982) and President of the American Geophysical Union from 1986-1988. He has won many awards including the Stockholm International Water Institute’s World Water Prize in 1997.

Eagleson’s research interests include dynamic hydrology, hydroclimatology, and forest ecology

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. His early research was on sediment transport and wave theory best marinade to tenderize steak. He published multiple articles and book chapters about these subjects. It wasn’t until 1964 that he significantly narrowed his focus to hydrology. In 1967 Eagleson along with some of his students, published six papers in Water Resources Research. These papers immediately impacted the field of hydrology.

Eagleson has taught at MIT since 1952. He has held a chair as Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering since 1965 waist belt running.

2011 Al Diwaniyah bombing

21 June 2011 Al Diwaniyah bombing was a suicide bombing that occurred outside the provincial governors house. It is believed he was the intended target. He survived the attack, however at least 27 people were killed, and over 30 wounded in the attack.

The attack occurred at approximately 7:30 am local time when a suicide bomber blew himself up outside the governor’s house. The second attack is believed to have happened a short time later as emergency services arrived at the area.

The attack occurred during the morning switch-over of security personnel. As a result, the majority of casualties in the blast were that of security personal to the governor. It is believed the governor himself was not harmed in the attack. It is the first major attack in the city, since 2009 when a bomb attached to a bus killed six people and 2007 when roadside bomb targeted a police patrol, killing seven officers.

The attacks led to further debate, especially among the top political factions in Iraq, as to whether the United States should remain in Iraq for security purposes

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, as despite the fact many feel that the violence has reduced in recent times, many are worried about the situation once the U.S pulls its final troops out of the country on 31 December 2011 georgia football uniforms.

Storage Area Network

In informatica e telecomunicazioni una Storage Area Network (SAN) è una rete o parte di una rete ad alta velocità di trasmissione (generalmente Gigabit/sec) costituita esclusivamente da dispositivi di memorizzazione di massa

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, in alcuni casi anche di tipi e tecnologie differenti. Il suo scopo è quello di rendere tali risorse di immagazzinamento (storage) disponibili per qualsiasi computer (generalmente application server e DBMS server) connesso ad essa.

I protocolli attualmente più diffusi, usati per la comunicazione all’interno di una SAN, sono FCP (Fibre Channel Protocol) ed iSCSI (Internet SCSI).

Più precisamente, il dizionario tecnico pubblicato dalla Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA) definisce una rete SAN nei seguenti termini:

Un’architettura SAN lavora in modo che tutti i dispositivi di memorizzazione siano disponibili a qualsiasi server della rete LAN o MAN di cui la SAN in questione fa parte; una SAN può essere anche condivisa fra più reti interconnesse, anche di natura diversa: in tal caso uno dei server locali fa da ponte fra i dati memorizzati e gli utenti finali. Il vantaggio di un’architettura di questo tipo è che tutta la potenza di calcolo dei server è utilizzata per le applicazioni, in quanto i dati non risiedono direttamente in alcuno di questi, ma sulla rete SAN appunto.

In una rete SAN le periferiche di storage sono connesse ai server attraverso una topologia costituita essenzialmente da dei collegamenti – solitamente in fibra ottica – e da hub

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, bridge, switch e router che in teoria consentono la coesistenza di sistemi e dispositivi di storage di natura eterogenea, sebbene nella pratica gli aspetti di interoperabilità costringano ancora a creare reti SAN omogenee. Questo permette di evitare un sovraccarico della rete dato che tutto il traffico è gestito da questi dispositivi.

Normalmente una SAN utilizza dischi collegati con una o più catene (o array) di tipo RAID per migliorare le prestazioni e aumentare l’affidabilità del sistema

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Le aziende devono poter accedere ai dati in modo rapido e sicuro e quindi la filosofia dell’architettura SAN è quella di poter integrare tutte le caratteristiche dei tradizionali sistemi di memorizzazione:

Tutto questo con le caratteristiche di connettività e accesso distribuito del network computing

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, attraverso un’architettura di rete dedicata alla gestione e archiviazione dei dati, in grado di non sovraccaricare i server nelle operazioni di scrittura e lettura dei dati, da e verso lo storage.

Le reti SAN forniscono una serie di indubbi vantaggi rispetto ai dispositivi di storage connessi direttamente ai server (Direct Attached Storage). Offrono una connettività any-to-any tra server e dispositivi di storage, aprendo in tal modo la strada al trasferimento diretto di dati tra periferiche di memorizzazione (dischi o tape), con conseguenti indubbi miglioramenti dell’efficienza dello spostamento dei dati e di processi, quali il backup o la replica dei dati.

L’impiego di Fibre Channel o di qualsiasi altra tecnologia di networking proposta per le reti SAN consente di:

Garantendo alte prestazioni e un accesso diretto ai dischi (Block I/O) le SAN faciliteranno lo spiegamento di database distribuiti e di applicazioni enterprise quali il Data warehousing. Inoltre traineranno altre iniziative storage quali il consolidamento dello storage, la protezione dei dati e il disaster recovery. Potranno beneficiare di queste prestazioni tutte quelle applicazioni che richiedono un’elevata ampiezza di banda, quali ad esempio:

Altri progetti

Burg Güssing

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Die Burg Güssing von Südwesten (2013)

Die Burg Güssing thront auf einem steilen Porphyrkegel im Stremtal bei Güssing im Burgenland. Mit ihrem Bau im Jahr 1157 ist sie die älteste Burganlage des Burgenlandes und markantes Wahrzeichen der Region. Darüber hinaus erlangte sie 1459 historische Bedeutung, als sich dort unzufriedene Magnaten versammelten und Kaiser Friedrich III. zum König von Ungarn wählten, der somit zum Gegenspieler des ungarischen Königs Matthias Corvinus wurde.

Im Schatten der Burg entstand ein Suburbium, das sich mit einem linsenförmigen Anger um den Burgfelsen legte und 1427 civitas bzw. 1459 civitas et suburbium genannt wurde. Aus ihm entwickelte sich die heutige Stadt Güssing.

Urkundlich erstmals erwähnt wurde die Burg als der ungarische König Géza II. 1157 den Berg „Quizun“ samt Umgebung an Graf Wolfer aus dem steirischen Wildon vergab. Dieser errichtete noch im gleichen Jahr auf dem Vulkankegel neben einem Benediktinerkloster eine hölzerne Wehranlage, die als Vorgängerbau der heutigen Burg anzusehen ist.

König Béla III. ließ die Wehranlage samt Kloster konfiszieren und noch im 12. Jahrhundert zur Steinburg umbauen. 1198 wird die Burg in einer Schenkungsurkunde erwähnt, in der sie als novum castrum bezeichnet wird. Im Laufe des 13

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. Jahrhunderts wurde die Burg von den Besitzern Demetrius von Csak und Moritz Pok mehrfach ausgebaut. Sie war damit neben den Burgen in Wieselburg und Ödenburg, sowie der Burg Lockenhaus und jener in Eisenburg ein Teil des Burgengürtels entlang der ungarischen Westgrenze. Burg Güssing war eine der wenigen ungarischen Burgen, die während des Tartarensturms 1241/42 nicht eingenommen werden konnten. 1273 mussten die Truppen Ottokars von Böhmen eine Belagerung der Burg erfolglos beenden.

1270 kam die Anlage aus königlichem Besitz in das Eigentum der Güssinger Grafen (Herren von Güns), denen zeitweise sämtliche Burgen in dem Gebiet gehörten

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. Obwohl die Adelssippe Heder ein unabhängiges Fürstentum anstrebte und somit in ständigem Streit mit dem ungarischen Königshaus lag, brachten es einige Mitglieder zu höchsten Ämtern im Königreich. So lenkte zum Beispiel Graf Heinrich (1254–1274), ludex Curiae, Palatin und Banus, zeitweise die Geschicke Ungarns. 1285 wagte der Güssinger Graf Ivan (Johann I. von Heder), auch genannt Ivan der Rote Ritter, einen Feldzug gegen Herzog Albrecht I. von Österreich und konnte ihm 1289 bei Bernstein eine empfindliche Niederlage beibringen. Die steirische Reimchronik des Ottokar aus der Gaal berichtet aber von einem anschließenden Sieg Herzog Albrechts über Graf Ivan. Der Truchseß des Herzogs, Berthold von Emmerberg, konnte Güssing erobern und hielt es einige Zeit als Lehen. 1327 wurden die Güssinger Grafen endgültig unterworfen und verloren an Bedeutung.

Nach mehrmaligem Besitzerwechsel bemächtigte sich Nikolaus Ujlaky, ein Vertreter der Habsburger Partei, der Burg. Unter seinem Vorsitz versammelten sich auf der Burg Güssing 1459 die mit Matthias Corvinus unzufriedenen Magnaten und wählten Friedrich III. zum König von Ungarn. Nikolaus Ujlaky schlug sich später aber wieder auf die Seite Matthias Corvinus’.

Nikolaus’ Sohn Lorenz benahm sich gegenüber König Vladislav II. derart herausfordernd, dass die als uneinnehmbar geltende Burg 1490 von Truppen des römisch-deutschen Königs Maximilians I. belagert und erobert wurde.

Nachdem Lorenz 1522 kinderlos verstarb, fiel die Anlage zurück an die ungarische Krone. König Ludwig II. übertrug sie anschließend dem ungarischen Adeligen Franz Batthyány und dessen Neffen Christoph als Lohn für den Sieg über ein türkisches Heer bei Jajce. Deren Familie ließ die Burg im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert wegen der drohenden Gefahr aus dem Osten zur weitläufigen Festung erweitern.

Mit dem Verlust ihrer strategischen Bedeutung – 1775 begann die Ablieferung der Waffen – gab man die Burg im 18. Jahrhundert dem Verfall preis, da die damalige Dachsteuer eine Erhaltung für den Besitzer unerschwinglich machte.

Wohl wissend um die Bedeutung der Burg, samt Kloster und Familiengruft für die Familie Batthyány und die Region des Landes, errichtete Fürst Philipp Batthyány-Strattmann 1870 eine Stiftung zur Erhaltung von Burg Güssing und Kloster.

Da die Stiftung in den Inflationsjahren nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg den größten Teil ihres Kapitals verloren hatte, musste ein Weg gefunden werden, wie die Erhaltung von Burg und Kloster auch für kommenden Generationen gewährleistet werden konnte.

Aus diesem Beweggrund wurde dem Land Burgenland/der Öffentlichen Hand in den 1980er Jahren von der Familie Batthyány die Mitverwaltung an der Fürst Batthyány’schen Stiftung angetragen und es wurden somit weiträumige Renovierungs- und Erhaltungsmaßnahmen ermöglicht und getroffen.

Bereits 1957 fanden erste Erhaltungsmaßnahmen statt. Weitere, umfassende Restaurierungs- und Wiederaufbauarbeiten folgten in der Zeit von 1982 bis 2000, so dass sich Burg Güssing heute wieder in einem Zustand wie vor 200 Jahren präsentiert.

Die Burg wird weiterhin von der Stiftung des Weiland Fürst Philipp Batthyány-Strattmann geführt. Deren Kurator ist der jeweilige Familienchef – derzeit der 10. Fürst, Ladislaus Edmund Batthyány-Strattmann, der mit dem Administrator des Landes Burgenland die Stiftung leitet.

Über einen befestigten Torweg an der Nordseite der Anlage erfolgt der Zugang zur Vorburg. Deren Burghof ist von Resten der einstigen Festung umschlossen.

Über eine breite Freitreppe gelangt man in den Innenhof der Hochburg. Die den Innenhof umgebenden Gebäude besitzen zumeist drei Geschoße, wovon das Untergeschoss teilweise direkt aus dem Fels gehauen wurde.

Zwischen dem Wohn- und dem Kapellentrakt aus dem 15. Jahrhundert erhebt sich der mächtige, zum Teil noch aus romanischer Zeit stammende Bergfried.

20 Räume der Hochburg beheimaten heute ein Burgmuseum mit rund 5000 Exponaten. Zu sehen sind u. a. die Ahnengalerie und das Familienmuseum der Familie Batthyány, alte Waffen, Plastiken und kunstgewerbliche Gegenstände sowie Gemälde der Renaissance und des Barock, darunter zwei Porträts aus der Hand von Lucas Cranach dem Älteren.

Als Attraktion ganz besonderer Art gilt der Aufstieg auf den begehbar gemachten Glockenturm, von dem ein Panoramablick bis in die pannonische Tiefebene möglich ist.

Heute finden auf dem Gelände der Burg Theatervorführungen, Konzerte und Lesungen statt. Auch können manche Räumlichkeiten für private Veranstaltungen gemietet werden. So ist es seit kurzen auch möglich, auf der Burg standesamtlich und in der Burgkapelle kirchlich zu heiraten.

Die Familie Batthyány trifft sich jedes Jahr Ende Juni zu einem Familientag auf ihrer Stammburg. In den vergangenen Jahren wurden auch einige Familienmitglieder der Batthyánys in der Burgkapelle getauft.

Seit 1994 finde jährlich im Sommer die Güssinger Burgspiele im Burghof statt, die an die kulturelle Tradition der Batthyánys anknüpfen.

Eines der Tore zur Burg

Innenhof der Hochburg

Burgblick auf Fischteiche

Burgblick nach Norden