Чешские земли

«Чешские земли» (чеш. České země) — вспомогательный термин, использующийся для обозначения комбинации территорий Богемии, Моравии и Чешской Силезии.

Сегодня эти три исторические провинции составляют Чешскую республику. Первоначально, Чешские земли были заселены одной из групп кельтских племен — бойами. Примерно в I веке их вытеснило германское племя маркоманов water waist belt. Около VII века эта территория была заселена славянами. Немцы повторно обосновались на Чешских землях и жили среди славян после монгольского нашествия XIII века, а кое-где, например, в Праге, немецкие колонисты появились еще в XII веке.

В большинстве чешских исторических текстов «Чешскими землями» называется территория Королевства Богемия, то есть Земли Богемской Короны, включавшие Лужицу (1292—1635) и часть Силезии (1327—1742).

Иные источники понимают по «Чешскими землями» лишь основные чешские территории — Богемию, Моравию и бывшую Австрийскую Силезию.




Estar Lejos

Estar Lejos” (English: Be Far) is a Latin pop song by Colombian recording artist Fonseca and the American musician Willie Colón. It was released as promotional single of his third album Gratitud (2008) on December 18, 2009 in United States, more later in Colombia was released as fourth single on December 31, 2010. The song was nominated in the category Best Tropical Song on the Latin Grammy Awards of 2010, but lost being “Bachata en Fukuoka” the winner in this category.

The song was written by Fonseca. During in an interview he said about the song: “Is made with my style, but is a bolero after all. Is the first time that write a bolero and there we will release”.

On November slim waist bag, 2009 Fonseca offered a live concert transmitted by the Latin music channel HTV water waist belt, where had the opportunity of perform twelve songs. One of those songs was “Estar Lejos” vacuum insulated water bottle, being so the first time that he perform the song running waist pouch. In an interview he explain the lyric content and the inspiration that born of his artistic situation: “In this profession one travels constantly although enjoy every step i take, sometimes be far hurts me too”.

Nesoddens historie

«Nesoddens Historie» er et bokverk som omtaler, som tittelen angir, Nesodden fra tidlig geologisk tid og frem til (foreløpig) 1980.

I 1924 hadde Hjalmar Berner bidratt til den første bygdeboken «Nesodden herred. Bidrag til bygdens historie. (Utg. paa bekostning av Nesodden herred.)»

I 1973 fikk Kiwanis Club Nesodden overlatt et omfattende arkivmateriale etter Albert Raaen remington mens shavers, som hadde brukt det meste av sin pensjonisttilværelse til å granske dokumenter i Riksarkivet. Året etter ble det av kommunen nedsatt et arbeidsutvalg, som med utgangspunkt i disse dokumentene, og Berners bygdebok fra 1924, skulle skrive en ny versjon av Nesoddens Historie.

Arbeidsutvalget for Nesoddens Lokalhistorie utga så i 1979 bind 1 med undertittelen «Fra de eldste tider til 1800». Bindet var redigert av Jon Ola Gjermundsen, Bjørg Omholt og Terje Schou.

Det skulle gå mange år før neste bind ble utgitt. Mens man ventet tok Nesodden Menighetsråd initiativ til å få trykket opp en faksimileutgave av Hjalmar Berners bygdebok fra 1924 water waist belt. Denne ble trykket lokalt hos Leif Rødstens trykkeri AS i 1990, og utgivelsen fikk ikke noe registrert ISBN.

Nesodden Kommune hadde ikke kunnet stille midler til rådighet for videreføring av verket Nesoddens Historie, og det tidligere arbeidsutvalget var avviklet. Imidlertid var «Nesodden Historielag» etablert, og i 1991 besluttet dette å prioritere arbeidet for at bind 2 måtte bli en realitet. I 1992 fikk historielaget en testamentarisk gave på kr.200 000, og arbeidet med bind 2 kunne starte. Historielaget engasjerte Christian Hintze Holm til å forestå skrivingen, og håpet var at bind 2 skulle dekke tiden fra 1800 til 1990. Imidlertid var materialet så omfattende at Holm, i samråd med historielaget, sluttførte bindet «Fra 1800 til 1930». Bindet ble likevel på nesten 500 sider, 130 sider mer enn det første bindet, og ble utgitt i 1995.

Salget av bind 2 ble en suksess, og midlene ble øremerket til sluttføring av verket ved bind 3. Harald Lorentzen fra historielaget påtok seg oppgaven, og i 2005 kom tredje bind i handelen. Også Lorentzen hadde for meget materiale, hans bidrag «Nesoddens Historie 1930-1980» ble også på nesten 500 sider. At det ennå er mer enn 30 år ubeskrevet gir rom for enda flere bind i tiden som kommer.

«Nesoddens Historie», forordene fra

Kologrivsky Nature Reserve

Kologrivski Forest Nature Reserve (Russian: Кологривский лес заповедник) (also Kologrivsky Les) is a Russian ‘zapovednik’ (strict nature reserve) created to protect and study southern taiga nature complexes of the Russian Plain. The reserve includes the only two surviving old-growth southern European taiga arrays not exposed landscape changes. Some trees are 350-400 years old. The reserve hosts 38 out of 72 species of rare and endangered species in the Kostroma region. The reserve is situated in the Kologrivsky District of Kostroma Oblast. It was formally established in 2006, and is officially named State Nature Reserve “MG Sinitsyn”, after its first administrator. The site covers 58,940 ha (227.6 sq mi).

The Kologrivski Forest Reserve is situated in the northeast of the Russian Plain. It is about halfway between the Baltic Sea and the Urals Mountains, and about 350 km northeast of Moscow. The reserve is divided into two sites, the northern ‘Kologrivsky’ sector and the southern ‘Manturovsky’ sector. The terrain was set by Pleistocene glaciation, which covered the area and left a landscape of alluvial outwash, moraines, and lakes. The northern sector has a large plain behind moraine ridges and hills. The southern sector has more hills and evidence of mid-ridge moraines. The relief is gentle water waist belt, with sharp edges only on stream banks. The shapes of the lake shorelines are heavily influenced by the activities of beavers. The forest cover is middle and southern taiga, in the Unzha River valley. The reserve itself has only small tributaries of the Unzha flowing through it.

Kologrivski Forest is located in the Sarmatic mixed forests ecoregion. This ecoregion is a belt of forest running from southern Norway, across European Russia to the Ural Mountains. The region lies between boreal forests/taiga in the north and the broadleaf belt in the south The ecoregion is characterized by mixed forests dominated by oak (Quercus robur), Norway sprice (Picea abies), and pine (Pinus sylvestris) in drier areas.

The climate of Kologrivski Forest is Humid continental climate, cool summer (Köppen climate classification (Dfb) ). This climate is characterized by large swings in temperature, both diurnially and seasonally, with mild summers and cold, snowy winters. The average temperature in January is −13 °C (9 °F), and 18 °C (64 °F) in July. Kologrivsky is in the zone where precipitation is higher than evaporation. Average annual precipitation is 540 / mm per year. The average period of snow cover is 170 days, ending in the first three weeks of April, with the soil thawed by the first week of May. Typical snow cover is 50-70 cm in the northern sector, 40-60 cm in the southern sector. The average growing season is 160 days.

The forest protects communities of ‘southern’ taiga, exemplified by dark needle conifers: fir, spruce and Siberian pine. Due to intensive commercial logging in the Kologrivsky area in the 20th century, this type of forest has been giving way to successional species of birch, aspen and alder. (Before 1960, 80% of the area was covered with dark conifers.) Today, most of the reserve is forested, but the actual islands of old-growth southern taiga are relatively small and scattered. The largest virgin stand of southern taiga in the Kologrivsky Reserve is only 918 ha. A key purpose of the reserve, therefore, is to regenerate the surrounding forest from commercial clear-cutting, through the secondary forest types and ultimately preserve a mature forest.

The large northern sector (the Kologrivsky site) is predominantly a spruce forest, where virgin stands are inter-mingled with second-growth forests on the sites of windfalls and wildfires. The largest spruces are 45 m (148 ft) in height; the lower stories include Norway maple (Acer platanoides) and Mountain elm. Some logging was done on a selective basis 75-100 years ago, but the under story was left intact; these plots have the highest biodiversity today. The Kologrivsky sector is scientifically useful for studying the dynamics of forest regeneration under various conditions. Scientists on the reserve have recorded 495 species of vascular plants.

The animal life of the reserve is a mixture of boreal forest and mixed deciduous forest. Although the fauna is mostly representative of the Kostroma region, there are recently introduced species. The terrain, with many small slopes and soft soil favors burrowing animals such as shrews, moles, and badgers; and the extensive network of small streams and ponds supports large populations of beaver, mink and otter. The sharp continental climate with cold winters reduces the number of wintering birds and large mammals. The small number of swamps in the reserve limits waterfowl. Extensive fields of ref bilberry do support some birds and bears.

The fauna of the reserve is still little understood: significant scientific studies by staff only began in the 1980s, and the first inventory of ords was not made until the year 2000 cheap socks. The bird inventory recorded 172 species.

As a strict nature reserve, the Kologrivski Forest Reserve is mostly closed to the general public, although scientists and those with ‘environmental education’ purposes can make arrangements with park management for visits. There are, however, several ecotourist’ routes in the reserve. These require permits to be obtained in advance, and include numerous hiking trails, an ‘open air museum’, and a multi-day rafting excursion. The main office is in the city of Kologriv.

Jan Antoni Langenhahn (starszy)

Jan Antoni Langenhahn, Johann Anton Langenhahn, także Langenhan (ur. 1700 w Koburgu, Frankonia, zm. 20 marca 1757 w Toruniu) – rzeźbiarz toruński.

Był synem rzeźbiarza z Koburga nieznanego imienia i (prawdopodobnie) Anny Cathariny Rüger. Przygotowanie do zawodu rzeźbiarza zdobywał zapewne w warsztacie ojca, później wędrował przez jakiś czas po Europie, w różnych ośrodkach artystycznych doskonaląc swoje umiejętności. W czerwcu 1730 trafił do Torunia i zgłosił się na ostatni rok praktyki w miejscowym cechu. Rok później przystąpił do egzaminu końcowego, wykonując w ramach tzw. sztuki mistrzowskiej krucyfiks; dzięki dobrze ocenionej pracy uzyskał tytuł mistrza, a na podstawie listu “dobrego urodzenia” wystawionego przez radę miejską Koburga, 16 listopada 1731 nadano mu prawo miejskie Torunia thick football socks. Niebawem Langenhahn zawarł związek małżeński i otworzył warsztat rzeźbiarski na terenie Nowego Miasta Torunia water waist belt. Zatrudniał w nim czeladników: Jana Gottlieba Hartwiga (od 1738), Nataniela Eppena (od 1743), Jana Gottlieba Elsnera (od 1744).

Od 1731 do końca życia pracował przy dekoracji fasady toruńskiego ratusza na Starym Mieście. W latach 1739-1740 wykonał dekorację snycerską szafki zegarowej (w tym postacie Wiary i Czasu oraz popiersia kobiece) do zegara z warsztatu Juliusa Huntenburga. Najbardziej znanym dziełem Langenhahna są dekoracje ołtarza głównego zboru w Toruniu, później przemianowanego na katolicki kościół Świętego Ducha. W 1756 Langenhahn wykonał do zaprojektowanego przez Efraima Szregera ołtarza dekorację ornamentalną, krucyfiks oraz — prawdopodobnie — figury czterech Ewangelistów.

W opinii M. Arszyńskiego dzieła Langenhahna przedstawiały “dość dobry poziom schyłkowej fazy rzeźby barokowej”, z tendencjami do zapożyczeń ze sztuki średniowiecza

Chile Home SALAS 11 Jerseys

Chile Home SALAS 11 Jerseys




Zmarł 20 marca 1757 w Toruniu i pochowany został na cmentarzu ewangelickim gminy Nowe Miasto. Jego syn, również Jan Antoni, także został rzeźbiarzem.